Guitars have been used with so much diversity in many musical forms. The instrument is known by many as a classical solo instrument and the basic musical instrument in rock music.
Get acquainted with this magnificent instrument; know its parts:
1. Headstock. This is found at the edge of the guitars neck. It is tailored with the instruments head for adjusting the pitch.
2. Tuners. The tuners keep the strings of the guitar stretched beginning at the base down to the knobs. Tuners likewise allow the guitar player to alter or modify the pitch either flat or sharp, depending on the players choice of music.
3. Nut. This is a tiny strip of hard medium or material which supports the strings at the intersection where the headstock meets up with the fret board. The strips can be made of plastic, bone, graphite, brass or any hard medium and indented to secure the stings in position. The nut acts as one of several endpoints assisting the tension of the string.
4. Fret board. Also known as the fingerboard, it is a lengthy wood plank inserted with frets of metal that composes the top of the guitars neck.
The fret board of a classical guitar is flat and is a little curved diagonally on an electric or acoustic guitar. The curve is calculated by the radius of the fret board that is the range of a hypothetical circle and which the surface of the fret board makes up a segment.
The smaller the radius of the fret board, the more that the curve is evident. When a string is pinched against the board, the strings vibrating length is shortened thus creating a higher pitch sound or tone.
5. Frets. These are strips made of metal, particularly nickel alloy set in alongside the fret board that are positioned in conjunction with the strings length that mathematically divides it.
When the strings are pushed down from the rear of the frets, this cuts the string’s length of vibration to emit different tones or pitches.
6. Neck. The neck is composed of the guitar’s fret board, frets, tuners, truss rod and headstock; all are fastened to a long extension made of wood. Usually, the wood that is used for the fret board will be of a different kind from that used on the remaining neck parts.
The firmness or stiffness of the guitars neck in accordance to its body is one determining factor of whether it is of good quality or not.
7. Body. The acoustic guitars body is an echoing cavity projecting the vibrations through the guitars sound hole which enables the audio of the instrument to be clearly heard even with no amplification.
In acoustic guitars, its body is a big determining factor in the overall sound it produces. The soundboard or guitar top is a delicately engineered and crafted component that is usually made out of red cedar, spruce or mahogany.
This very thin slice of wood, generally measuring only 2 – 3 mm thick, supported by different kinds of internal brackets, is the most pronounced and important element in influencing sound quality.
Most of the sound is brought about by the guitars top vibration as the momentum of the vibrating cords are transmitted to it.
8. Pickups. This is what really amplifies the cords sound. Most guitars have one to a maximum of three pickups. The kind of pickup is reasonably important, depending on a particular sound that you are aspiring for.
9. Pickguard. Commonly called the scratch plate, is a plastic guard or any laminated medium which protects the guitars top finish.
The pickups as well as almost all electronics in other electric guitars are framed and inserted atop the pickguard. On acoustic guitars and several electric guitars, the pickguard is directly inserted to the top of the guitar, and on guitars having carved tops; the pickguard is raised.
10. Bridge. On acoustic guitars, the key objective of the guitars bridge is to hand over or shift the strings vibration to the soundboard, which then shudders the air within the guitar; thus increasing and strengthening the sound created by the cords or strings.
Go ahead, explore the parts of your guitar to better acquaint yourself with this wonderful instrument; test it too and see where it will take you. Enjoy!